李毅士两幅肖像画及其他(上)

2012年11月27日,中央美术学院美术馆主办的“馆藏国立艺专精品陈列(西画部分)”开幕,其中有李毅士(1886—1942年)的《陈师曾像》(图1)与《王梦白像》(图2),均作于1920年。这是极为难得的两件油画作品,有种种细节传递出相关的历史信息,为我们重新梳理20世纪早期中国美术史,沟通各种史料提供了有力帮助。现择其一二,略加陈述。

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图1  李毅士,《陈师曾像》,布面油画,130×70cm,1920年,中央美术学院美术馆藏

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图2  李毅士,《王梦白像》,布面油画,117×76cm,1920年,中央美术学院美术馆藏

1920年前后的陈师曾与王梦白

当我看到李毅士这两幅肖像画时,想到的问题是:李毅士何以选择陈师曾(1876—1923年)与王梦白(1888—1934年)为绘画对象?一般而言,肖像画受委托的可能性很大,但这两幅画并不为家属所藏,而是在学校的库房中发现(1)。尽管我们不知道其流传过程,也不知道其是否有委托,可至少说明画家与绘画对象之间存在较为亲和的关系,而不仅仅是同事;甚至这两位被画者之间的亲密关系,也在李毅士的笔下被提示了。联系到国立北京美术学校创办之初的历史,联系到1920年前后的北京画坛,这种提示就有了另一层的含义。

国立北京美术学校创办于1918年4月,1922年10月正式改为北京美术专门学校。李毅士是在1919年与吴法鼎一起由蔡元培推荐到校任教,在当时,吴法鼎应持长教务课,而李毅士则在专门部西洋画科任教。李毅士先后毕业于英国格拉斯哥美术学院及格拉斯哥大学物理系,获双学位,专业科班出身。李毅士1916年秋回国,即在北京大学理工学院任教,1917年兼任北京大学画法研究会导师,与陈师曾认识。而陈师曾年长李毅士10岁,以名望及资历论,李毅士应以陈师曾为重。在1919年,陈师曾与李毅士几乎同时任教北京美术学校,只是陈师曾仍是兼职,同时还兼职北京高等师范图画手工专修科,教授中国画及中国美术史;而李毅士也在该校兼职,教授西画。(2)连续三四年在一起共事,虽然各擅中西绘画,但相互间的赏识与交谊,对于出身世家、且有谦谦君子之态的陈师曾与李毅士,便在情理之中。故而1920年,李毅士为陈师曾画像,无论其动机或缘由如何,最后陈师曾还是坐下来当了模特。这一幅肖像也并没有为陈师曾取走。

而李毅士为王梦白画像,估计有陈师曾的因素。因为陈师曾与王梦白为知交,且王梦白于1920年到北京美术学校任教,还是陈师曾推荐。王梦白,名云,字梦白,号破斋主人;比李毅士小两岁。祖籍江西丰城,生于浙江衢州。幼年丧父,到上海谋生,在灯笼店、钱庄当学徒,同时喜欢画画,初学任颐,并受吴昌硕指导。民国初年,王梦白到北京司法部任录事,并参加余绍宋组织的“宣南画社”雅集活动。余绍宋就是衢州人,1915年任司法部次长,画社成立于是年,以司法部爱好书画的林宰平、粱和钧等同仁为主,请汤定之(1878—1948年)为艺术指导,每周聚会一次,吟诗作画。此后,陆续赴京的衢州人徐瑞徵(心庵)、汪溶(慎生)、方炜(仲先),以及流寓京城的陈师曾、梁启超、姚茫父、金拱北、贺良朴、林纾、萧俊贤、陈半丁、沈尹默、萧嵋、郁曼陀等人,都相继参加画社活动。陈师曾与王梦白的相识是否在宣南画社,抑或因为吴昌硕的缘故(陈师曾也是吴昌硕的学生)或老乡的关系(王梦白喜欢自称“江西佬”),尚不得而知。但有一点可以肯定,即陈师曾赏识王梦白。据说,梅兰芳拜王梦白为师学画,就因陈师曾的推荐及罗瘿公的介绍。现在还留存一幅陈师曾与王梦白合作的画,上有陈师曾的题跋:“雨后双禽来占竹。白香山句。梦白画禽,师曾画竹并题记。”下有两印:一白文“王云之印”,一朱文“师曾”,但无年款。(图3)不知为何,陈师曾就喜欢为王梦白补画竹子,也常合作,但题款多出陈师曾之手。据凌叔华回忆,癸亥(1923年)正月,她同江南苹一起做东请画家笔会,陈师曾率先开张,画几笔墨竹便让王梦白补画一只猪。随之,陈师曾便题曰:“无肉令人瘦,无竹令人俗;若要不瘦亦不俗,莫如竹笋烧猪肉。”(3)在此二人外,参加这次雅集尚有陈半丁、姚茫父、萧厔泉、齐白石、金城、周养庵诸人。

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图3  陈师曾、王梦白,《禽竹图》,纸本彩墨,年代未详

那时的王梦白与齐白石,都是陈师曾所赏识的。众所周知,1922年4月,陈师曾赴日本东京参加第二回中日联合绘画展览会,带去齐白石的画,以高价悉数售出,让齐白石名声大振。可在这之前,王梦白在北京画坛的影响可能高于齐白石。因为齐白石于1917年5月到京才结识陈师曾,10月又返湘潭,直至1919年初再来北京,住法源寺,以治印卖画为生。此后连续三年,齐白石每年都在京城与湘潭间往返,1922年5月才接家人同住北京。因为木匠出身,也因为这种漂泊的生活状态,必然使齐白石介入北京画坛得有一个过程。除了陈师曾的赏识外,齐白石自身的才情与努力也很重要。那时,齐白石的画价不高,只有北京一般画家的一半。故而1920年,他曾托胡鄂公(1874—1951年)请吴昌硕为其写“润格”(4)。2013年1月18日,中国美术馆的“群珍荟萃——中国十大美术馆藏精品展”有一幅齐白石“临”王梦白的画,被观众称为两者间的“PK”。其实,这种“PK”是单方面的,也不对等,即齐白石想与王梦白较劲,而王梦白并不知情。王画在先,是偶一试笔之作,如其题跋:“美人颜色近如何,背面含情羞态多;莫是檀郎太薄幸?桃花红雨几消磨。予年来不作美人久矣,偶过君异画室,试为写此并题一绝句,未免太过香艳也。梦白”(图4)而齐白石则不然,可见其题曰:“年年春至愿春留,春去无声只合愁;夫壻封侯倘无分,闺中少妇岂忘羞?此幅乃友人索余临王梦白,予略所更动,知者得见王与予二幅,自知谁是谁非。因老年人肯如人意,有请应之。白石齐璜并题记”(图5)两幅均无年款,但在展签上,王梦白的画注为1915年作,那齐白石的画估计则在1917年后了。就绘画手法而言,王梦白的画“快”,而齐白石的画“慢”,从容应对,颇费心思。王雪涛就说他的老师王梦白画有“三快”(眼快、手快、心快),果不其然,这幅画的笔墨就很简约松动,也很飘逸,随意挥写,见其才气,而气息与齐白石截然不同。齐白石为何在意其是与非?若不是因为闲人碎语,便由于王梦白当时的声望,使齐白石不以为然,暗中较劲,而这种心态在1922年之前都有可能存在。

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图4  王梦白,《背面仕女图》,纸本水墨,129.5×33cm,1915年,中国美术馆藏

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图5  齐白石,《纨扇仕女图》,128.5×34cm,纸本水墨,年代未详,北京画院美术馆藏

1922年北京美术学校“升门”后,陈师曾、王梦白、李毅士等人还在学校任教,且王梦白持续教学至1924年因北京美术专门学校停办才离开,那是他在事业上如日中天的时期。而陈师曾、李毅士何时离开北京美术专门学校?从北洋政府内务部档案中,可找到1923年11月13日京师警察厅的一份抄报,附件有《阿博洛学会简章》,里面标注“阿博洛学会”成立的日期为1923年10月20日,在“主任人姓名地址履历”一栏则记为:“李毅士,英国格兰斯哥美术学校毕业,曾充北京大学、北京高等师范学校、北京美术专门学校教员,现充北京女子高等师范学校、北京师范大学教员,住西四牌楼砖塔胡同口袋底四号。”(5)通过这条记录,可知李毅士在北京美术(专门)学校任教的时间,也就是1919年至1923年上学期;或者说,他在北京美术专门学校成立一年后便离开了。在《阿博洛学会简章》中还列有职员名单,如李毅士、王毓修、吴新吾、陈启民、王子云、郭云之、王悦之、王之英、钱稻孙、钱铸九等10人。其中,王悦之和吴法鼎(新吾),也是在1923年9月与李毅士一起被北京美术专门学校校长郑锦辞退,并由此引发学潮(6)。 而在这时,他们已各有去处。如李毅士在北京女子高等师范学校和北京师范大学任教,王悦之去教育部任职,而吴法鼎则在上海接任私立上海美专教授兼教务长。在这之前,陈师曾也与其他教授联名递交辞呈,不同意校方开除1923年5月带头罢考的学生,被学校挽留。陈师曾与李毅士、王悦之等人的辞职原因并不相同,但对郑锦的不满则是一致的。不久,陈师曾即往南京赴丧,因染疾于1923年9月22日逝世;10月5日,北京美术专门学校成立“陈师曾追悼会筹备处”。

我们还应该注意到一个现象,即在1924年2月,吴法鼎因脑溢血在途中病故;次月,李毅士即赴上海美专接任教授及教务长一职,“阿博洛学会”的工作就此停止。但王悦之却在1924年创办私立北京艺术学院,自任院长,继续招生;原为“阿博洛学会”干事的王子云,也在1924年发起组织“红叶画会”,以“革新美术,鼓动新艺术”为宗旨。

在这样的一种人际关系中,我们能读到什么,又能看到什么?譬如,李毅士、王悦之与郑锦的矛盾,并不仅仅是学术问题——如办学理念属于学术问题,但我们又很难排除在招生问题上涉及“阿博洛学会”学员入学等有关实际利益的问题;而李毅士与陈师曾、王梦白之间的交往,或许就有着一种内在的共同的学术基础,而这往往又被我们所忽略。那时的北京画坛,西画家与中国画家之间是否壁垒森严?在传统的中国画家圈子内部,又是什么在联系着他们?有一个很有趣的现象:1920年5月29日,中国画学研究会在北京石达子庙的“欧美同学会”里成立,发起人金城,留学英伦,且是浙江湖州人;周肇祥是浙江绍兴人,陈半丁是浙江绍兴人,陈师曾是江西义宁人,肖谦中是安徽怀宁人,贺良朴是湖北蒲圻人,李毅士是江苏武进人。曾参加“阿博洛学会”也在北京美术专门学校任职的钱稻孙,浙江吴兴人,留日学生,与周氏兄弟过从甚密,尤其与周作人友善。人们总说,在民国初年的北京画坛有一股南方势力,这势力不仅与政界有关联,与商界有关联,与学界更有关联,而在学术上又带来怎样的影响?许多人原以为存有文化界限的地方,都被含有温情的地缘或人际关系给消解了。也许,我们还可以用“和而不同”解释这种现象,但这种解释并不到位。在民国初年的北京,不少人都在几个学校兼职,并通过举荐的方式进入。这里,引起我们注意的是“举荐”与“兼职”现象。因为“举荐”,背后就不可避免地存在人际关系;因为“兼职”,各种单位的人事关系的坎也就不存在,至少被弱化了。或者说,那时“单位人”的概念并不那么突出,被强化的是人的社会性关联,是“社会人”的概念。在民国时期的北京,研究美术现象,追索学术来源、传承及影响,可能要跳出学校的圈子,才好展开讨论。因为那时的美术家流动性很强,不仅在不同的单位间流动,也在不同的区域间流动。这种移动或零散的状态,凸显的是一种活动状态,同时在活动与交往中不断沟通各种关系,达成理解并相互影响。


撰文|郑工(中国艺术研究院美术研究所副所长 研究员)



1. 据中央美术学院美术馆馆长王璜生介绍,这两幅肖像均从“国立北平艺专”校方留下的藏品中找出。

2. 李宗真、李宗善、李宗美:《李毅士年表》,《李毅士画集》,天津人民美术出版社,天津,2010年,第135页。

3.凌叔华:《回忆一个画会及几个老画家》,《凌叔华经典作品》,当代世界出版社,北京,2003年,第53页。

4.见1921年齐白石的日记,文曰:“三月初二日。得吴缶老为定润格。此件南湖所赠也。其润格录于后:齐山人濒生为湘绮高弟子,吟诗多峭拔语。其书画墨韵孤秀磊落。兼善篆刻,得秦汉遗意。曩经樊山评定,而求者踵相接,更觉手挥不暇。为特重订如左:(略)庚申岁暮,吴昌硕,年七十七。”(齐良迟主编:《齐白石文集》,商务印书馆,北京,2010年,第194页)据侯开嘉推论,为求这一“润格”,齐白石写了“青藤雪个远凡胎,老缶衰年别有才;我欲门下为走狗,三家门下转轮来。”让胡鄂公转呈吴昌硕。其类似语句亦见1920年9月26日的齐白石日记,但他将其极为叹服的“青藤、雪个、大滌子”,改为“青藤、雪个”与“老缶”。其中奥妙,只可意会。侯开嘉:《齐白石与吴昌硕恩怨史迹考辨》,载于《荣宝斋》,2013年第1期。

5.《京师警察厅抄报李毅士组织阿博洛学会致内务部备案呈》,《中国第二历史档案馆编∙中华民国史档案资料汇编》第三辑“文化”,江苏古籍出版社,南京,1991年,第656-657页。另,据王子云回忆,“阿博洛学会”成立于1921年,是年冬还举办了第一届美术展览会,“1922年暑后不久即筹办了该会美术研究所”,“1922年、1923年冬又举行第二届、第三届美术展览会”,“1924年后因主持无人,即告停顿。”参见王子云给刘曦林的信(1982年8月28日于西安)。可为什么正式备案注册的时间是在1923年10月20日呢?这恰恰就是李毅士、王悦之、吴法鼎等人离开北京美术专门学校后之所为,有自谋发展美术教育的意图。

6.1923年8月27日,北京美术专门学校召开招生委员会会议,会上李毅士、王悦之提出放宽年龄限制、招生只考专业不考文化课的要求不被采纳。会后,两人与吴法鼎、高春来联名辞职。1923年9月4日,郑锦批准这四位教授辞职,引发学生罢课。1923年9月9-19日,郑锦在《京报》、《晨报》刊登启事,曰:“敝校日前有一二教员别有高就,自请辞职,外间不明真相多事揣测,致劳知友紧念。现缺额教员业经聘定,原日教职员同人皆相安如夕,绝无隔阂。”这,并没有阻止事态进一步扩大。








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Event participants should be adults (people 18 years or older with full civil legal capacity). Underage persons must be accompanied by an adult.

Article IV

Event participants undertake all liability for their personal safety during the event, and event participants are encouraged to purchase personal safety insurance. Should an accident occur during an event, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for the accident, but both have the obligation to provide assistance. Event participants should actively organize and implement rescue efforts, but do not undertake any legal or economic liability for the accident itself. The museum does not undertake civil or joint liability for the personal safety of event participants.

Article V

During the event, event participants should respect the order of the museum event and ensure the safety of the museum site, the artworks in displays, exhibitions, and collections, and the derived products. If an event causes any degree of loss or damage to the museum site, space, artworks, or derived products due to an individual, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for losses. The event participant must negotiate and provide compensation according to the relevant legal statutes and museum rules. The museum may sue for legal and financial liability.

Article VI

Event participants will participate in the event under the guidance of museum staff and event leaders or instructors and must correctly use the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities provided for the event. If a participant causes injury or harm to him/herself or others while using the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, or causes the damage or destruction of the tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, the event participant must undertake all related liability and provide compensation for the financial losses. Persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for personal accidents.

CAFA Art Museum Portraiture Rights Licensing Agreement

According to The Advertising Law of the People’s Republic of China, The General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and The Provisional Opinions of the Supreme People’s Court on Some Issues Related to the Full Implementation of the General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and upon friendly negotiation, Party A and Party B have arrived at the following agreement regarding the use of works bearing Party A’s image in order to clarify the rights and obligations of the portrait licenser (Party A) and the user (Party B):

I. General Provisions

(1) Party A is the portraiture rights holder in this agreement. Party A voluntarily licenses its portraiture rights to Party B for the purposes stipulated in this agreement and permitted by law.

(2) Party B (CAFA Art Museum) is a specialized, international modern art museum. CAFA Art Museum keeps pace with the times, and works to create an open, free, and academic space and atmosphere for positive interaction with groups, corporations, institutions, artists, and visitors. With CAFA’s academic research as a foundation, the museum plans multi-disciplinary exhibitions, conferences, and public education events with participants from around the world, providing a platform for exchange, learning, and exhibition for CAFA’s students and instructors, artists from around the world, and the general public. As a public institution, the primary purposes of CAFA Art Museum’s public education events are academic and beneficial to society.

(3) Party B will photograph all CAFA Public Education Department events for Party A.

II. Content, Forms of Use, and Geographical Scope of Use

(1) Content. The content of images taken by Party B bearing Party A’s likeness include: ① CAFA Art Museum ② CAFA campus ③ All events planned or executed by the CAFAM Public Education Department.

(2) Forms of Use. For use in CAFA’s publications, products with CDs, and promotional materials.

(3) Geographical Scope of Use

The applicable geographic scope is global.

The media in which the portraiture may be used encompasses any media that does not infringe upon Party A’s portraiture rights (e.g., magazines and the internet).

III. Term of Portraiture Rights Use

Use in perpetuity.

IV. Licensing Fees

The fees for images bearing Party A’s likeness will be undertaken by Party B.

After completion, Party B does not need to pay any fees to Party A for images bearing Party A’s likeness.

Additional Terms

(1) All matters not discussed in this agreement shall be resolved through friendly negotiation between both parties. Both parties may then sign a supplementary agreement, provided it does not violate any laws or regulations.

(2) This agreement comes into effect on the date that it is signed (sealed) and the relevant boxes are selected by Party A and Party B.

(3) This agreement exists in paper and electronic forms. The paper form is made in duplicate, with Party A and Party B each retaining one copy with the same legal efficacy.

Event participants implicitly accept and undertake all the obligations stated in this agreement. Those who do not consent will be seen as abandoning the right to participate in this event. Before participating in this event, please speak to your family members to obtain their consent and inform them of this disclaimer. After participants sign/check the required box, participants and their families will be seen as having read and agreed to these terms.

I have carefully read and agree to the above provisions.

Group Visit Agreement
and Statement

CAFA Art Museum Publication Authorization Agreement

I fully agree to CAFA Art Museum (CAFAM) submitting to CAFA for publication the images, pictures, texts, writings, and event products (such as works created during participation in workshops) related to me from my participation in public events (including museum member events) organized by the CAFA Art Museum Public Education Department. CAFA can publish these materials by electronic, web, or other digital means, and I hereby agree to be included in the China Knowledge Resource Bank, the CAFA Database, the CAFA Art Museum Database, and related data, documentation, and filing institutions and platforms. Regarding their use in CAFA and dissemination on the internet, I agree to make use of these rights according to the stated Rules.

CAFA Art Museum Event Safety Disclaimer

Article I

This event was organized on the principles of fairness, impartiality, and voluntary participation and withdrawal. Participants undertake all risk and liability for themselves. All events have risks, and participants must be aware of the risks related to their chosen event.

Article II

Event participants must abide by the laws and regulations of the People’s Republic of China, as well as moral and ethical norms. All participants must demonstrate good character, respect for others, friendship, and a willingness to help others.

Article III

Event participants should be adults (people 18 years or older with full civil legal capacity). Underage persons must be accompanied by an adult.

Article IV

Event participants undertake all liability for their personal safety during the event, and event participants are encouraged to purchase personal safety insurance. Should an accident occur during an event, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for the accident, but both have the obligation to provide assistance. Event participants should actively organize and implement rescue efforts, but do not undertake any legal or economic liability for the accident itself. The museum does not undertake civil or joint liability for the personal safety of event participants.

Article V

During the event, event participants should respect the order of the museum event and ensure the safety of the museum site, the artworks in displays, exhibitions, and collections, and the derived products. If an event causes any degree of loss or damage to the museum site, space, artworks, or derived products due to an individual, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for losses. The event participant must negotiate and provide compensation according to the relevant legal statutes and museum rules. The museum may sue for legal and financial liability.

Article VI

Event participants will participate in the event under the guidance of museum staff and event leaders or instructors and must correctly use the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities provided for the event. If a participant causes injury or harm to him/herself or others while using the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, or causes the damage or destruction of the tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, the event participant must undertake all related liability and provide compensation for the financial losses. Persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for personal accidents.

CAFA Art Museum Portraiture Rights Licensing Agreement

According to The Advertising Law of the People’s Republic of China, The General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and The Provisional Opinions of the Supreme People’s Court on Some Issues Related to the Full Implementation of the General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and upon friendly negotiation, Party A and Party B have arrived at the following agreement regarding the use of works bearing Party A’s image in order to clarify the rights and obligations of the portrait licenser (Party A) and the user (Party B):

I. General Provisions

(1) Party A is the portraiture rights holder in this agreement. Party A voluntarily licenses its portraiture rights to Party B for the purposes stipulated in this agreement and permitted by law.

(2) Party B (CAFA Art Museum) is a specialized, international modern art museum. CAFA Art Museum keeps pace with the times, and works to create an open, free, and academic space and atmosphere for positive interaction with groups, corporations, institutions, artists, and visitors. With CAFA’s academic research as a foundation, the museum plans multi-disciplinary exhibitions, conferences, and public education events with participants from around the world, providing a platform for exchange, learning, and exhibition for CAFA’s students and instructors, artists from around the world, and the general public. As a public institution, the primary purposes of CAFA Art Museum’s public education events are academic and beneficial to society.

(3) Party B will photograph all CAFA Public Education Department events for Party A.

II. Content, Forms of Use, and Geographical Scope of Use

(1) Content. The content of images taken by Party B bearing Party A’s likeness include: ① CAFA Art Museum ② CAFA campus ③ All events planned or executed by the CAFAM Public Education Department.

(2) Forms of Use. For use in CAFA’s publications, products with CDs, and promotional materials.

(3) Geographical Scope of Use

The applicable geographic scope is global.

The media in which the portraiture may be used encompasses any media that does not infringe upon Party A’s portraiture rights (e.g., magazines and the internet).

III. Term of Portraiture Rights Use

Use in perpetuity.

IV. Licensing Fees

The fees for images bearing Party A’s likeness will be undertaken by Party B.

After completion, Party B does not need to pay any fees to Party A for images bearing Party A’s likeness.

Additional Terms

(1) All matters not discussed in this agreement shall be resolved through friendly negotiation between both parties. Both parties may then sign a supplementary agreement, provided it does not violate any laws or regulations.

(2) This agreement comes into effect on the date that it is signed (sealed) and the relevant boxes are selected by Party A and Party B.

(3) This agreement exists in paper and electronic forms. The paper form is made in duplicate, with Party A and Party B each retaining one copy with the same legal efficacy.

Event participants implicitly accept and undertake all the obligations stated in this agreement. Those who do not consent will be seen as abandoning the right to participate in this event. Before participating in this event, please speak to your family members to obtain their consent and inform them of this disclaimer. After participants sign/check the required box, participants and their families will be seen as having read and agreed to these terms.

I have carefully read and agree to the above provisions.

Group Visit Agreement
and Statement

CAFA Art Museum Publication Authorization Agreement

I fully agree to CAFA Art Museum (CAFAM) submitting to CAFA for publication the images, pictures, texts, writings, and event products (such as works created during participation in workshops) related to me from my participation in public events (including museum member events) organized by the CAFA Art Museum Public Education Department. CAFA can publish these materials by electronic, web, or other digital means, and I hereby agree to be included in the China Knowledge Resource Bank, the CAFA Database, the CAFA Art Museum Database, and related data, documentation, and filing institutions and platforms. Regarding their use in CAFA and dissemination on the internet, I agree to make use of these rights according to the stated Rules.

CAFA Art Museum Event Safety Disclaimer

Article I

This event was organized on the principles of fairness, impartiality, and voluntary participation and withdrawal. Participants undertake all risk and liability for themselves. All events have risks, and participants must be aware of the risks related to their chosen event.

Article II

Event participants must abide by the laws and regulations of the People’s Republic of China, as well as moral and ethical norms. All participants must demonstrate good character, respect for others, friendship, and a willingness to help others.

Article III

Event participants should be adults (people 18 years or older with full civil legal capacity). Underage persons must be accompanied by an adult.

Article IV

Event participants undertake all liability for their personal safety during the event, and event participants are encouraged to purchase personal safety insurance. Should an accident occur during an event, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for the accident, but both have the obligation to provide assistance. Event participants should actively organize and implement rescue efforts, but do not undertake any legal or economic liability for the accident itself. The museum does not undertake civil or joint liability for the personal safety of event participants.

Article V

During the event, event participants should respect the order of the museum event and ensure the safety of the museum site, the artworks in displays, exhibitions, and collections, and the derived products. If an event causes any degree of loss or damage to the museum site, space, artworks, or derived products due to an individual, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for losses. The event participant must negotiate and provide compensation according to the relevant legal statutes and museum rules. The museum may sue for legal and financial liability.

Article VI

Event participants will participate in the event under the guidance of museum staff and event leaders or instructors and must correctly use the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities provided for the event. If a participant causes injury or harm to him/herself or others while using the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, or causes the damage or destruction of the tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, the event participant must undertake all related liability and provide compensation for the financial losses. Persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for personal accidents.

CAFA Art Museum Portraiture Rights Licensing Agreement

According to The Advertising Law of the People’s Republic of China, The General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and The Provisional Opinions of the Supreme People’s Court on Some Issues Related to the Full Implementation of the General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and upon friendly negotiation, Party A and Party B have arrived at the following agreement regarding the use of works bearing Party A’s image in order to clarify the rights and obligations of the portrait licenser (Party A) and the user (Party B):

I. General Provisions

(1) Party A is the portraiture rights holder in this agreement. Party A voluntarily licenses its portraiture rights to Party B for the purposes stipulated in this agreement and permitted by law.

(2) Party B (CAFA Art Museum) is a specialized, international modern art museum. CAFA Art Museum keeps pace with the times, and works to create an open, free, and academic space and atmosphere for positive interaction with groups, corporations, institutions, artists, and visitors. With CAFA’s academic research as a foundation, the museum plans multi-disciplinary exhibitions, conferences, and public education events with participants from around the world, providing a platform for exchange, learning, and exhibition for CAFA’s students and instructors, artists from around the world, and the general public. As a public institution, the primary purposes of CAFA Art Museum’s public education events are academic and beneficial to society.

(3) Party B will photograph all CAFA Public Education Department events for Party A.

II. Content, Forms of Use, and Geographical Scope of Use

(1) Content. The content of images taken by Party B bearing Party A’s likeness include: ① CAFA Art Museum ② CAFA campus ③ All events planned or executed by the CAFAM Public Education Department.

(2) Forms of Use. For use in CAFA’s publications, products with CDs, and promotional materials.

(3) Geographical Scope of Use

The applicable geographic scope is global.

The media in which the portraiture may be used encompasses any media that does not infringe upon Party A’s portraiture rights (e.g., magazines and the internet).

III. Term of Portraiture Rights Use

Use in perpetuity.

IV. Licensing Fees

The fees for images bearing Party A’s likeness will be undertaken by Party B.

After completion, Party B does not need to pay any fees to Party A for images bearing Party A’s likeness.

Additional Terms

(1) All matters not discussed in this agreement shall be resolved through friendly negotiation between both parties. Both parties may then sign a supplementary agreement, provided it does not violate any laws or regulations.

(2) This agreement comes into effect on the date that it is signed (sealed) and the relevant boxes are selected by Party A and Party B.

(3) This agreement exists in paper and electronic forms. The paper form is made in duplicate, with Party A and Party B each retaining one copy with the same legal efficacy.

Event participants implicitly accept and undertake all the obligations stated in this agreement. Those who do not consent will be seen as abandoning the right to participate in this event. Before participating in this event, please speak to your family members to obtain their consent and inform them of this disclaimer. After participants sign/check the required box, participants and their families will be seen as having read and agreed to these terms.

I have carefully read and agree to the above provisions.

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