Zheng Jin and Modern Chinese Art Education

  • Dates:2019-01-09 - 2019-03-03
  • Location:Gallery 4F, CAFA Art Museum
  • Opening:2019-01-09 14:00
  • Organizer(s): Central Academy of Fine Arts
  • Co-Organizer(s): Department of Publicity and Culture of the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Macao S.A.R.
  • Organizers: Propaganda Department of the Party Committee of the Central Academy of Fine Arts

Details

The one-year series of activities to celebrate the centenary of CAFA draw to its close. The university organized “Two Salutes” as the representative academic events to honor its century-old traditions. It paid tribute to Mr. Xu Beihong, the first Director of the CAFA after the founding of the People... More
The one-year series of activities to celebrate the centenary of CAFA draw to its close. The university organized “Two Salutes” as the representative academic events to honor its century-old traditions. It paid tribute to Mr. Xu Beihong, the first Director of the CAFA after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, by holding the grand exhibition “Xu Beihong: Living Art Forever” and initiated the series of activities celebrating the centenary of CAFA. Also, in honor of Zheng Jin, the first Director of the National School of Fine Arts (the predecessor of CAFA), it planned the academic research exhibition “Zheng Jin and Modern Chinese Art Education” as the last exhibition for the centennial anniversary. The exhibition of “Zheng Jin and Modern Chinese Art Education” will be unveiled on January 9, 2019, which is hosted by CAFA, supported by the Liaison Office of the Central People’s Government in The Macao Special Administrative Region Department of Publicity and Culture, and organized by Publicity Department of CAFA and CAFA Art Museum.
Zheng Jin (1883-1959), a famous artist and art educator, alias Rui Jin, and named himself Jiongchang, or Gengchang, was born in Xiangshan, Guangdong. He stayed and studied in Japan when he was a teenager, and later specialized in painting. His works are pure, with elegant colors, partial Japanese style and partial paintings of the Song Dynasty. He returned to China to work in the Ministry of Education and taught graphic pattern part-time in Beijing Higher Normal School. In 1917, he was appointed as Director of Beijing Art School, the first national art school in China, and resigned in 1924. During his tenure, he had continuously developed and improved the art education system in modern and contemporary China. From 1927 to 1937, he launched the education movement of folk art in Ding county, Hebei province, integrating civilian education and elite education for his lifetime. Since 1940, he had lived in Macao and focused on creation. His representative works include “Grace”, “Waiting for Dawn”, “Magnolia and Peacock”, “Fox”, “Eagles Fighting”, “Spring Returning to the Earth”, and he also finished the works and articles, such as Civilian Education and Civilian Art and “The Advocacy of Civilian Education Movement”.

Artworks

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郑锦是谁? ...

2019-01-03

郑锦,我国著名美术家、美术教育家。1918年担任国立北京美术学校第一任校长。中国近现代美术教育的重要开创者。


 郑锦艺术年表 



1883   农历正月廿一日,出生于广东省香山县(今中山市)三乡雍陌村,父玉池公,擅丹青。

1888   入乡塾读书。

1897   随姐由香山移居日本横滨,入读大同学校。从梁启超、林慧儒、钟卓京、张玉涛游历,时三载。

1901   中学毕业。

1902   前往东京学习西洋画。

1907   入读京都市立美术工艺学校,学习绘画技法。

1910   农历二月十四日,于日本横滨与鲍桂娥结婚。

1911   毕业于京都市立美术工艺学校日本画科。入读日本京都市立绘画专门学校,并随山元春挙习山水。与陈树人、鲍少游同寓京都。

1913   作品《娉婷》入选日本第七回文部省美术展览。在日本初遇高剑父、高奇峰。

1914   作品《待旦》被陈列于东京大正博览会。毕业于京都市立绘画专门学校。毕业创作《鹦哥》(又名《闲情》)被学校购藏。从日本回国,后居北京西直门内宫门口。

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郑锦自画像 约1915年 油画

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郑锦与家人在北京宫门口

1915   于天津拜访梁启超,梁为其作《郑褧裳画引》。持《画引》与北京拜会张一麐。在北京高等师范学校手工图画专修科任教图案。

1917   奉教育部命令,筹办美术学校,并于1918年招生。教育部委任郑锦为“北京美术学校”校长。

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国立北京美术学校大礼堂正门

1918   4月15日,“北京美术学校”于西城前京畿道举行开学典礼,时任教育总长傅增湘、次长袁希涛、北大校长蔡元培、北京其他国立高校校长及众多嘉宾出席。同年教育部批准“北京美术学校”添设高等部和高等师范科。

1919   任北京大学“画法研究会”导师,任教水彩画。

1920   与陈师曾、萧俊贤、王梦白、姚华、伍灵等及西画教员组织了“花阴画会”。作《玉兰孔雀》。

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中华美术协会合影,陈师曾 ( 左二 ) 及郑锦(右一)等


1922    教育部委任郑锦为“北京美术专门学校校长”,并颁发校印。11月10日,学校举行“专门学校”庆祝会,教育总长汤尔和、次长,蔡元培、其他国立七校校长及众多嘉宾出席。


1923   与高叔达合作,为中华平民教育促进会出版的《平民千字课》课本一套四册作插图。


1924   辞去“北京美术专门学校”校长之职。


1927   应晏阳初邀请,“中华平民教育促进会”聘郑锦主持“直观视听教育部”。深入农村,赴“平教总会”华北实验区定县,推进平民教育运动。北洋政府教育部将“国立艺术专门学校”改为“国立京师大学校美术科”。



郑锦在河北省定县郊外住所


郑锦在河北省定县的家居一角


1928   著作《平民教育与平民美术》由上海商务印书馆发行。


1936   应广东省政府孙哲生、吴铁城、杨子毅之请,返回中山县。出任“中山县乡村建设委员会”会长。


1937   七七事变后,往北京安排家眷南归。作《群英奋战》。


1940   避难于中山白石村鲍少游家。中山沦陷后,居澳门高士德马路。作《林下蹄声》《岭表雄风》。



郑锦在香港 1941年


郑锦与赵少昂 1941年


郑锦与鲍少游等合影 1941年


1941   “郑褧裳画作欣赏会”在澳门雅廉访大马路三十二号举办。“郑褧裳慈善画展”在澳门商会举办。作《涤梳图》《东篱采菊》等。


1943   冬天,开始收集马匹的形像,以作创作《春回大地》之用。


1944   迁居普济禅院附近的郑汇熙宅,以便作画,因画幅大,又借二龙喉任锡南住处装裱《春回大地》。


1945   郑褧裳画展于澳门利为旅酒店举办。作《人面桃花相映红》《春日小鹿闲》《老树逢春》《秋水天鹅》《岭南春色》等。移居青洲。


1946   抗战胜利后,返回中山,出任三洲乡乡长兼中心国民学校校长。


1948   辞去乡长之职,在家画画。


1949   辞去三洲乡中心学校兼校长职务。


1952   获发澳门身份证,署名郑云泉。


1955   作《松林锦雉》。


1956   参与“澳门美术研究会”。


1957   作《春圃银鸡》《鸡冠吐绶》等。


1958   作《争妍》《朝曦双鹤》《绣阁停琴》《两王并立》《秋园锦雉》《水上鱼游枝头鸟唱晴》《采荔》等。



郑锦先生遗作展览会现场,左至右罗先杜、罗德基、鲍夫人、郑美成、霍宝材、鲍少游、方守宏、鲍小姐、鲍小姐、鲍慧仙


1959   3月28日,病逝于澳门镜湖医院。6月15日,“郑褧裳先生遗作画展”于香港圣约翰教堂举行。


1997   三女郑美成将其父郑锦、所藏名贤书画十二种,共计十三件捐赠台北故宫博物院。


2001   由临时澳门市政局文化暨康体部举办的“郑褧裳纪念画展”在澳门举行。


节选自:陈继春《郑锦艺术研究》


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