The Creation of Ancient Impression

  • Dates:2020-07-19 - 2020-12-31
  • Location:Virtual CAFAM
  • Opening:2020-07-19 09:00
  • Organizer(s): CAFA Art Museum

Details

 The Creation of Ancient Impression: Ming and Qing Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy Research Exhibition The exhibition provides an insight into the concept of "ancient impression" through painting and calligraphy works from the Ming and Qing dynasties. China has a tradition of wo... More

 The Creation of Ancient Impression: Ming and Qing Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy Research Exhibition 

The exhibition provides an insight into the concept of "ancient impression" through painting and calligraphy works from the Ming and Qing dynasties. China has a tradition of worshipping the ancient classic, from ancient politics, morality to proverbs and arts. The "ancient impression" in art is considered in three dimensions: time, style, observation and painting method. The exhibition is composed of three section:

  1. Worship of the Ancient Neo-Confusianism

    The Neo-Confusianism, which became prominent in the Song dynasty, was regarded as the model by the Ming dynasty ruling class to sustain its power. It continued the style of the Song Dynasty Imperial Painting Academy, and vigorously promoted the court painting, although it didn't establish a painting academy as the Song dynasty imperial power did and instead commissioned them as military officials. Ming dynasty paintings' loyal imitation of the Song dynasty "ancient impression" was inherited by the Qing dynasty court paintings. 16 works are shown in this section to give the audience an idea of the inheritance of the Neo-Confucianism from their painting techniques and choice of themes.

  2. Inheritance of the Literati Painting

    The tradition of literati painting was picked up by the Ming dynasty painters centered around Suzhou. Later on, it became a mainstream painting school in China. In the late Ming dynasty, Dong Qichang divided Chinese painting into "Northern" and "Southern" schools. He advocated the Southern school and pushed literati painting to a new level, influencing Chinese painting for the following four centuries. The section exhibits 18 works that show the dominance of literati painting after the mid Ming dynasty following the establishment of the Wu School of Painting.

  3. Transformation of the Ancient to the New

    In the late Ming Dynasty, the development of capitalistic economy facilitated the ideological trend of individualism and liberation. New styles of paintings emerged to meet the requirements from different social stratas. It is around the same time that pseudo-classic arts appeared, which influenced how the later generations understood the tradition. Breakthroughs in painting happened in the late Ming dynasty in landscape, bird-and-flower, portrait paintings; in Qing dynasty, more diversified styles appeared led by schools such as the Four Wangs, the Four Monks and Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou. Although there was still prevailing worship of the ancient, painters mostly pursued creativity and took ancient classic as a reference. 57 works are exhibited in this section to show the diverse explorations in painting in the late Ming dynasty and Qing dynasty under the influence of "ancient impression".


Preface

In recent years, CAFA Art Museum attaches great importance in the research of its collected works, and their unique value in the development of art history. This exhibition is one of the CAFAM's series of exhibitions on selected artworks from its collection. It is based on the publication of Selected Artworks from the CAFA Art Museum: Ancient Chinese Calligraphy and Painting (2018), and focuses on works from the Ming and Qing dynasty, a time that Chinese calligraphy and painting tradition became mature.

The worship of the ancient classic is an important and unique idea of the traditional Chinese culture. "Ancient impression" is the highest compliment an ancient Chinese could pay an artwork, which stood for classic, orthodox and ideal, although different era, different school or painter has different view of "ancient impression". The pursuit of "ancient impression" was at its peak in the Ming and Qing dynasties, and became an important artistic direction for artists and literati. It is through the pursuit and exercise of the "ancient" that painting in Ming and Qing dynasties reached its flourishment; it is also through the worship and transcendence of the "ancient" that the tradition of Chinese calligraphy and painting became how we perceive it today.

Following the thread of "worship of the ancient classic", the Creation of Ancient Impression: Ming and Qing Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy Research Exhibition aims to explore the meaning of "ancient impression" in Ming and Qing dynasties' painters and different courses that the "ancient impression" was created in different paintings. The exhibition will showcase 91 artworks from the CAFAM collection, ranging from early Ming dynasty's painting academy school to Qing dynasty's Shanghai school of painting. The exhibition is composed of three sections: Worship of the Ancient Neo-Confusianism, Inheritance of the Literati Painting and Transformation of the Ancient to the New, which show the development of the trends and meaning of artists' worship of the ancient classic in the Ming and Qing dynasties. The exhibition also digs into the creative background and circulation of the exhibited works. It aims at opening a window for the audience to access the culture and tradition in calligraphy and painting of the Ming and Qing dynasties. The museum also hopes to explore the historical significance of the calligraphy and painting in the Ming and Qing dynasties in the inheritance of artistic spirit through the research exhibition, and reflects on the value of each and every exhibited artwork, so as to push forward research and establishment of relevant collections.

The world is going through great changes in the year of 2020. Art museums are facing new challenges. The exhibition is the first ever online virtual exhibition of CAFA Art Museum, and the first long-term exhibition of the museum's collected artworks. There's an old Chinese verse that goes: "The ancient as mirror helps one to see behind rises and falls." The museum has made its first step towards the exploration of digital exhibition, and the exhibition itself is aimed at becoming an exhibition that keeps the "creation" through the form of online virtual exhibition.


In recent years, CAFA Art Museum attaches great importance in the research of its collected works, and their unique value in the development of art history. This exhibition is one of the CAFAM's series of exhibitions on selected artworks from its collection. It is based on the publication of Selected Artworks from the CAFA Art Museum: Ancient Chinese Calligraphy and Painting (2018), and focuses on works from the Ming and Qing dynasty, a time that Chinese calligraphy and painting tradition became mature.

The worship of the ancient classic is an important and unique idea of the traditional Chinese culture. "Ancient impression" is the highest compliment an ancient Chinese could pay an artwork, which stood for classic, orthodox and ideal, although different era, different school or painter has different view of "ancient impression". The pursuit of "ancient impression" was at its peak in the Ming and Qing dynasties, and became an important artistic direction for artists and literati. It is through the pursuit and exercise of the "ancient" that painting in Ming and Qing dynasties reached its flourishment; it is also through the worship and transcendence of the "ancient" that the tradition of Chinese calligraphy and painting became how we perceive it today.

Following the thread of "worship of the ancient classic", the Creation of Ancient Impression: Ming and Qing Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy Research Exhibition aims to explore the meaning of "ancient impression" in Ming and Qing dynasties' painters and different courses that the "ancient impression" was created in different paintings. The exhibition will showcase 91 artworks from the CAFAM collection, ranging from early Ming dynasty's painting academy school to Qing dynasty's Shanghai school of painting. The exhibition is composed of three sections: Worship of the Ancient Neo-Confusianism, Inheritance of the Literati Painting and Transformation of the Ancient to the New, which show the development of the trends and meaning of artists' worship of the ancient classic in the Ming and Qing dynasties. The exhibition also digs into the creative background and circulation of the exhibited works. It aims at opening a window for the audience to access the culture and tradition in calligraphy and painting of the Ming and Qing dynasties. The museum also hopes to explore the historical significance of the calligraphy and painting in the Ming and Qing dynasties in the inheritance of artistic spirit through the research exhibition, and reflects on the value of each and every exhibited artwork, so as to push forward research and establishment of relevant collections.

The world is going through great changes in the year of 2020. Art museums are facing new challenges. The exhibition is the first ever online virtual exhibition of CAFA Art Museum, and the first long-term exhibition of the museum's collected artworks. There's an old Chinese verse that goes: "The ancient as mirror helps one to see behind rises and falls." The museum has made its first step towards the exploration of digital exhibition, and the exhibition itself is aimed at becoming an exhibition that keeps the "creation" through the form of online virtual exhibition.


Artworks

Artworks

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Article I

This event was organized on the principles of fairness, impartiality, and voluntary participation and withdrawal. Participants undertake all risk and liability for themselves. All events have risks, and participants must be aware of the risks related to their chosen event.

Article II

Event participants must abide by the laws and regulations of the People’s Republic of China, as well as moral and ethical norms. All participants must demonstrate good character, respect for others, friendship, and a willingness to help others.

Article III

Event participants should be adults (people 18 years or older with full civil legal capacity). Underage persons must be accompanied by an adult.

Article IV

Event participants undertake all liability for their personal safety during the event, and event participants are encouraged to purchase personal safety insurance. Should an accident occur during an event, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for the accident, but both have the obligation to provide assistance. Event participants should actively organize and implement rescue efforts, but do not undertake any legal or economic liability for the accident itself. The museum does not undertake civil or joint liability for the personal safety of event participants.

Article V

During the event, event participants should respect the order of the museum event and ensure the safety of the museum site, the artworks in displays, exhibitions, and collections, and the derived products. If an event causes any degree of loss or damage to the museum site, space, artworks, or derived products due to an individual, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for losses. The event participant must negotiate and provide compensation according to the relevant legal statutes and museum rules. The museum may sue for legal and financial liability.

Article VI

Event participants will participate in the event under the guidance of museum staff and event leaders or instructors and must correctly use the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities provided for the event. If a participant causes injury or harm to him/herself or others while using the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, or causes the damage or destruction of the tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, the event participant must undertake all related liability and provide compensation for the financial losses. Persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for personal accidents.

CAFA Art Museum Portraiture Rights Licensing Agreement

According to The Advertising Law of the People’s Republic of China, The General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and The Provisional Opinions of the Supreme People’s Court on Some Issues Related to the Full Implementation of the General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and upon friendly negotiation, Party A and Party B have arrived at the following agreement regarding the use of works bearing Party A’s image in order to clarify the rights and obligations of the portrait licenser (Party A) and the user (Party B):

I. General Provisions

(1) Party A is the portraiture rights holder in this agreement. Party A voluntarily licenses its portraiture rights to Party B for the purposes stipulated in this agreement and permitted by law.

(2) Party B (CAFA Art Museum) is a specialized, international modern art museum. CAFA Art Museum keeps pace with the times, and works to create an open, free, and academic space and atmosphere for positive interaction with groups, corporations, institutions, artists, and visitors. With CAFA’s academic research as a foundation, the museum plans multi-disciplinary exhibitions, conferences, and public education events with participants from around the world, providing a platform for exchange, learning, and exhibition for CAFA’s students and instructors, artists from around the world, and the general public. As a public institution, the primary purposes of CAFA Art Museum’s public education events are academic and beneficial to society.

(3) Party B will photograph all CAFA Public Education Department events for Party A.

II. Content, Forms of Use, and Geographical Scope of Use

(1) Content. The content of images taken by Party B bearing Party A’s likeness include: ① CAFA Art Museum ② CAFA campus ③ All events planned or executed by the CAFAM Public Education Department.

(2) Forms of Use. For use in CAFA’s publications, products with CDs, and promotional materials.

(3) Geographical Scope of Use

The applicable geographic scope is global.

The media in which the portraiture may be used encompasses any media that does not infringe upon Party A’s portraiture rights (e.g., magazines and the internet).

III. Term of Portraiture Rights Use

Use in perpetuity.

IV. Licensing Fees

The fees for images bearing Party A’s likeness will be undertaken by Party B.

After completion, Party B does not need to pay any fees to Party A for images bearing Party A’s likeness.

Additional Terms

(1) All matters not discussed in this agreement shall be resolved through friendly negotiation between both parties. Both parties may then sign a supplementary agreement, provided it does not violate any laws or regulations.

(2) This agreement comes into effect on the date that it is signed (sealed) and the relevant boxes are selected by Party A and Party B.

(3) This agreement exists in paper and electronic forms. The paper form is made in duplicate, with Party A and Party B each retaining one copy with the same legal efficacy.

Event participants implicitly accept and undertake all the obligations stated in this agreement. Those who do not consent will be seen as abandoning the right to participate in this event. Before participating in this event, please speak to your family members to obtain their consent and inform them of this disclaimer. After participants sign/check the required box, participants and their families will be seen as having read and agreed to these terms.

I have carefully read and agree to the above provisions.

Group Visit Agreement
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CAFA Art Museum Publication Authorization Agreement

I fully agree to CAFA Art Museum (CAFAM) submitting to CAFA for publication the images, pictures, texts, writings, and event products (such as works created during participation in workshops) related to me from my participation in public events (including museum member events) organized by the CAFA Art Museum Public Education Department. CAFA can publish these materials by electronic, web, or other digital means, and I hereby agree to be included in the China Knowledge Resource Bank, the CAFA Database, the CAFA Art Museum Database, and related data, documentation, and filing institutions and platforms. Regarding their use in CAFA and dissemination on the internet, I agree to make use of these rights according to the stated Rules.

CAFA Art Museum Event Safety Disclaimer

Article I

This event was organized on the principles of fairness, impartiality, and voluntary participation and withdrawal. Participants undertake all risk and liability for themselves. All events have risks, and participants must be aware of the risks related to their chosen event.

Article II

Event participants must abide by the laws and regulations of the People’s Republic of China, as well as moral and ethical norms. All participants must demonstrate good character, respect for others, friendship, and a willingness to help others.

Article III

Event participants should be adults (people 18 years or older with full civil legal capacity). Underage persons must be accompanied by an adult.

Article IV

Event participants undertake all liability for their personal safety during the event, and event participants are encouraged to purchase personal safety insurance. Should an accident occur during an event, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for the accident, but both have the obligation to provide assistance. Event participants should actively organize and implement rescue efforts, but do not undertake any legal or economic liability for the accident itself. The museum does not undertake civil or joint liability for the personal safety of event participants.

Article V

During the event, event participants should respect the order of the museum event and ensure the safety of the museum site, the artworks in displays, exhibitions, and collections, and the derived products. If an event causes any degree of loss or damage to the museum site, space, artworks, or derived products due to an individual, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for losses. The event participant must negotiate and provide compensation according to the relevant legal statutes and museum rules. The museum may sue for legal and financial liability.

Article VI

Event participants will participate in the event under the guidance of museum staff and event leaders or instructors and must correctly use the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities provided for the event. If a participant causes injury or harm to him/herself or others while using the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, or causes the damage or destruction of the tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, the event participant must undertake all related liability and provide compensation for the financial losses. Persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for personal accidents.

CAFA Art Museum Portraiture Rights Licensing Agreement

According to The Advertising Law of the People’s Republic of China, The General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and The Provisional Opinions of the Supreme People’s Court on Some Issues Related to the Full Implementation of the General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and upon friendly negotiation, Party A and Party B have arrived at the following agreement regarding the use of works bearing Party A’s image in order to clarify the rights and obligations of the portrait licenser (Party A) and the user (Party B):

I. General Provisions

(1) Party A is the portraiture rights holder in this agreement. Party A voluntarily licenses its portraiture rights to Party B for the purposes stipulated in this agreement and permitted by law.

(2) Party B (CAFA Art Museum) is a specialized, international modern art museum. CAFA Art Museum keeps pace with the times, and works to create an open, free, and academic space and atmosphere for positive interaction with groups, corporations, institutions, artists, and visitors. With CAFA’s academic research as a foundation, the museum plans multi-disciplinary exhibitions, conferences, and public education events with participants from around the world, providing a platform for exchange, learning, and exhibition for CAFA’s students and instructors, artists from around the world, and the general public. As a public institution, the primary purposes of CAFA Art Museum’s public education events are academic and beneficial to society.

(3) Party B will photograph all CAFA Public Education Department events for Party A.

II. Content, Forms of Use, and Geographical Scope of Use

(1) Content. The content of images taken by Party B bearing Party A’s likeness include: ① CAFA Art Museum ② CAFA campus ③ All events planned or executed by the CAFAM Public Education Department.

(2) Forms of Use. For use in CAFA’s publications, products with CDs, and promotional materials.

(3) Geographical Scope of Use

The applicable geographic scope is global.

The media in which the portraiture may be used encompasses any media that does not infringe upon Party A’s portraiture rights (e.g., magazines and the internet).

III. Term of Portraiture Rights Use

Use in perpetuity.

IV. Licensing Fees

The fees for images bearing Party A’s likeness will be undertaken by Party B.

After completion, Party B does not need to pay any fees to Party A for images bearing Party A’s likeness.

Additional Terms

(1) All matters not discussed in this agreement shall be resolved through friendly negotiation between both parties. Both parties may then sign a supplementary agreement, provided it does not violate any laws or regulations.

(2) This agreement comes into effect on the date that it is signed (sealed) and the relevant boxes are selected by Party A and Party B.

(3) This agreement exists in paper and electronic forms. The paper form is made in duplicate, with Party A and Party B each retaining one copy with the same legal efficacy.

Event participants implicitly accept and undertake all the obligations stated in this agreement. Those who do not consent will be seen as abandoning the right to participate in this event. Before participating in this event, please speak to your family members to obtain their consent and inform them of this disclaimer. After participants sign/check the required box, participants and their families will be seen as having read and agreed to these terms.

I have carefully read and agree to the above provisions.

Group Visit Agreement
and Statement

CAFA Art Museum Publication Authorization Agreement

I fully agree to CAFA Art Museum (CAFAM) submitting to CAFA for publication the images, pictures, texts, writings, and event products (such as works created during participation in workshops) related to me from my participation in public events (including museum member events) organized by the CAFA Art Museum Public Education Department. CAFA can publish these materials by electronic, web, or other digital means, and I hereby agree to be included in the China Knowledge Resource Bank, the CAFA Database, the CAFA Art Museum Database, and related data, documentation, and filing institutions and platforms. Regarding their use in CAFA and dissemination on the internet, I agree to make use of these rights according to the stated Rules.

CAFA Art Museum Event Safety Disclaimer

Article I

This event was organized on the principles of fairness, impartiality, and voluntary participation and withdrawal. Participants undertake all risk and liability for themselves. All events have risks, and participants must be aware of the risks related to their chosen event.

Article II

Event participants must abide by the laws and regulations of the People’s Republic of China, as well as moral and ethical norms. All participants must demonstrate good character, respect for others, friendship, and a willingness to help others.

Article III

Event participants should be adults (people 18 years or older with full civil legal capacity). Underage persons must be accompanied by an adult.

Article IV

Event participants undertake all liability for their personal safety during the event, and event participants are encouraged to purchase personal safety insurance. Should an accident occur during an event, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for the accident, but both have the obligation to provide assistance. Event participants should actively organize and implement rescue efforts, but do not undertake any legal or economic liability for the accident itself. The museum does not undertake civil or joint liability for the personal safety of event participants.

Article V

During the event, event participants should respect the order of the museum event and ensure the safety of the museum site, the artworks in displays, exhibitions, and collections, and the derived products. If an event causes any degree of loss or damage to the museum site, space, artworks, or derived products due to an individual, persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for losses. The event participant must negotiate and provide compensation according to the relevant legal statutes and museum rules. The museum may sue for legal and financial liability.

Article VI

Event participants will participate in the event under the guidance of museum staff and event leaders or instructors and must correctly use the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities provided for the event. If a participant causes injury or harm to him/herself or others while using the painting tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, or causes the damage or destruction of the tools, materials, equipment, and/or facilities, the event participant must undertake all related liability and provide compensation for the financial losses. Persons not involved in the accident and the museum do not undertake any liability for personal accidents.

CAFA Art Museum Portraiture Rights Licensing Agreement

According to The Advertising Law of the People’s Republic of China, The General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and The Provisional Opinions of the Supreme People’s Court on Some Issues Related to the Full Implementation of the General Principles of the Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China, and upon friendly negotiation, Party A and Party B have arrived at the following agreement regarding the use of works bearing Party A’s image in order to clarify the rights and obligations of the portrait licenser (Party A) and the user (Party B):

I. General Provisions

(1) Party A is the portraiture rights holder in this agreement. Party A voluntarily licenses its portraiture rights to Party B for the purposes stipulated in this agreement and permitted by law.

(2) Party B (CAFA Art Museum) is a specialized, international modern art museum. CAFA Art Museum keeps pace with the times, and works to create an open, free, and academic space and atmosphere for positive interaction with groups, corporations, institutions, artists, and visitors. With CAFA’s academic research as a foundation, the museum plans multi-disciplinary exhibitions, conferences, and public education events with participants from around the world, providing a platform for exchange, learning, and exhibition for CAFA’s students and instructors, artists from around the world, and the general public. As a public institution, the primary purposes of CAFA Art Museum’s public education events are academic and beneficial to society.

(3) Party B will photograph all CAFA Public Education Department events for Party A.

II. Content, Forms of Use, and Geographical Scope of Use

(1) Content. The content of images taken by Party B bearing Party A’s likeness include: ① CAFA Art Museum ② CAFA campus ③ All events planned or executed by the CAFAM Public Education Department.

(2) Forms of Use. For use in CAFA’s publications, products with CDs, and promotional materials.

(3) Geographical Scope of Use

The applicable geographic scope is global.

The media in which the portraiture may be used encompasses any media that does not infringe upon Party A’s portraiture rights (e.g., magazines and the internet).

III. Term of Portraiture Rights Use

Use in perpetuity.

IV. Licensing Fees

The fees for images bearing Party A’s likeness will be undertaken by Party B.

After completion, Party B does not need to pay any fees to Party A for images bearing Party A’s likeness.

Additional Terms

(1) All matters not discussed in this agreement shall be resolved through friendly negotiation between both parties. Both parties may then sign a supplementary agreement, provided it does not violate any laws or regulations.

(2) This agreement comes into effect on the date that it is signed (sealed) and the relevant boxes are selected by Party A and Party B.

(3) This agreement exists in paper and electronic forms. The paper form is made in duplicate, with Party A and Party B each retaining one copy with the same legal efficacy.

Event participants implicitly accept and undertake all the obligations stated in this agreement. Those who do not consent will be seen as abandoning the right to participate in this event. Before participating in this event, please speak to your family members to obtain their consent and inform them of this disclaimer. After participants sign/check the required box, participants and their families will be seen as having read and agreed to these terms.

I have carefully read and agree to the above provisions.

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